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History of brewing in Lviv

One of Lviv’s business cards, in addition to coffee and chocolate, is beer. Lviv is an incredibly beer city. The number of pubs and bars, as well as craft breweries here is constantly growing. Lviv Brewery is the most famous in Ukraine, and Lvivske beer can be found on the shelves of many European cities and, guaranteed, in all settlements of our country. The history of beer in the city of the lion is also interesting. We would like to tell you today about the history of brewing in Lviv and the history of beer in general.

People learned the ability to brew beer long before our era – the secrets of brewing were known to the Egyptians of the pharaohs, and the ancient Greeks, as well as the Sumerians, whose civilization is considered one of the first in the world. In Slavic peoples, the name of beer is the same and comes from the verb “pivo”, formed from the verb “piti”. Interestingly, the word “beer” once meant not a specific drink, but any drink that is often drunk. The word “beer” and “drink” are consonant in the Slavic languages: Ukr. beer, white. beer, floor. piwo, Czech. and Slovak. beer, serb. пиво / pivo, рос. beer. The Slavs were among the first in the world to add hops to beer.

Beer production was a very laborious process consisting of several cycles: malt production, beer wort production (aqueous solution formed during the fermentation of fruit or cereals), wort fermentation with special brewer’s yeast, fermentation, filtration and bottling. In ancient times, due to the complexity and lack of any special equipment, the opportunity for brewing appeared only in late winter and early spring, and all members of the community were engaged in this process. Brewing can even be considered a kind of tool for diplomacy, because brewing a common beer with someone still meant “understanding”.

The people of Trypillia, the inhabitants of the ancient but highly cultured civilization of farmers living in the territory of modern central Ukraine, Moldova and Romania, were the first to start brewing beer in Ukraine. Later, beer was brewed in Kievan Rus – one of the largest states in Europe in the tenth century, in particular, almost every monastery and university at that time could boast of its own brewery. The Cossacks were also engaged in brewing – “free people” who fought for the independence of Ukraine, but there were no large beer enterprises then, breweries were small, and beer was not often exported. Beer factories first appeared in Lutsk, Lviv and Kyiv in the 18th century, and today it would be very difficult to count all the brewing countries, there are so many of them.

Beer brewing began in Lviv in the 14th century, when a brewery’s shop appeared. The first documentary evidence of the beginning of brewing in Lviv can be considered the charter of the Lviv Breweries, dating from 1425. Since then, brewing in the city has developed rapidly.

Beer was brewed by artisans, monks, Jesuits, and the last Polish count, Stanislaw Potocki, was given the right to build his own brewery in the suburbs of Lviv – this was a turning point in the history of brewing for Lviv.

The sacred date is 1715 – the year of the foundation of the Lviv Brewery in the suburb of Kleparevo. Technologies here were advanced at that time, water was taken from artesian wells, hops and malt were used only of the highest grade, which best contributed to the popularity of Lviv beer.

The brewery was not the only one in Lviv, there were 13 in total at that time, but the largest and best. After the decline of the Jesuit order, the brewery was taken care of first by private entrepreneurs and later by the joint-stock union of Lviv Breweries.

Lviv beers of that time, in particular “Bawar”, “Porter Imperial”, “Exportowe” were known far beyond Lviv. Already in the middle of the XIX century. Lviv Brewery is one of the three best breweries in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and has become the largest brewery in the region.

Speaking of Lviv beer, it is impossible not to mention Robert Doms – businessman, tycoon, philanthropist, public figure, we can say “Local Tony Stark”.

Robert Doms is a legendary figure of the Lviv Brewery, the owner of the brewery on Kleparivska Street, during whose life it gained unheard of fame. Today, a popular restaurant near the brewery and several beers are named after him.

During the occupation of Lviv by the USSR, the Lviv Brewery became the property of the state and was renamed OJSC Kolos (1964). At the same time, Lvivske beer received its official name and trademark status and was considered the best beer in the Union.

The most popular varieties at that time were Lvivske and Zhyhulivske. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Lviv Brewery regained its original name and in 1999 became part of one of the largest breweries Baltic Beverages Holding (now – Carlsberg Group).

Worth noting is the brewing museum, founded on the occasion of the 290th anniversary of the founding of Lviv Brewery and opened to visitors in 2005. Lvivarnya is the only beer museum in Ukraine that houses a cultural space, a restaurant for tastings, and a museum with unique exhibits.

To Lviv for 3 days

The rich architectural heritage, the contrasts of the cultures that filled the city with its history, the ancient streets, the walls of which have absorbed the smell of centuries of coffee traditions – this is the atmosphere that will surely remain in your memories. We have chosen places and routes that will become integral during a three-day vacation in Lviv.

Old town: churches and neighborhoods
Before diving into the city center, we advise you to see the panorama of the center from the height of the tower of the city administration – Lviv City Hall. It offers a magnificent view of the High Castle Park, the Dominican Cathedral, the Church of the Assumption, the Latin Cathedral, the Boim Chapel and the Austrian part of the city.

As in the Middle Ages Lviv stood at the crossroads of trade routes and played a significant role in trade, more and more representatives of different nationalities came here. After receiving royal privileges, the city was divided into quarters: Latin, Armenian, Ruthenian and Jewish. It is from the latter that we offer to start the walk. Across the street. In ancient Hebrew, you will find yourself in the “Space of Synagogues” whose slogan is “common heritage and responsibility.”

After passing the Art Nouveau building, the former Dniester, you will find yourself in the square in front of the Church of the Assumption and the Kornyakt Tower (be sure to enter the courtyard, and from there inside the church through the Renaissance portal). Despite the second-hand book market around the monument to Fedorov and the Dominican Cathedral, you can get to the medieval quarter of the Armenians. Virmenska Street is a center of attraction for Lviv artists. Be sure to visit the Dziga, IconArt and Zelena Kanapa galleries to explore the city’s contemporary art. Look for more interesting and non-tourist places at the end of the article. When walking through the old town, do not forget to visit every courtyard to feel “this” atmosphere.

Don’t forget to get a free ticket at the Tourist Information Center so you don’t get lost. Additional information can be read in the publication Weekend in Lviv.

Galician cuisine
Among the dozens of famous establishments in the city center, we recommend visiting restaurants where you can try Galician cuisine. Not so long ago, the Galician Cuisine Club was established in Lviv, an organization that aims to develop Galician gastronomy. Dishes that have not only a unique taste, but also history can be tasted in the following establishments: Refectory of Ideas, Gvara, Bachevsky Restaurant, Kumpel and others.

The Lviv Historical Museum will help to better understand the history of the city. Perhaps the most interesting department is “Kamyanytsya Kornyakta” on Sq. Market №6. Here, in addition to a tour of the royal chambers, tourists have the opportunity to drink coffee in the famous Italian courtyard.

And to literally immerse yourself in history, we advise you to visit the dungeons of the garrison church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul. In the premises under the church you can see 3 panoramas of Lviv of different epochs, as well as a sarcophagus of the XVIII century. Why was he left in the dungeon? The answer to this question can be obtained only in the crypt. More museums can be found here.

The Austrian part of Lviv
Tourists often do not pay attention to the “new city”. This is a building during the stay of Lviv under the Austrian (later Austro-Hungarian) crown. You can get there by crossing Freedom Avenue, by the way, the avenue was created in this period of history. More than a century ago, by order of the administration of Poltva, it was hidden in a dungeon.

The next step is to go between the two domed houses “Bank Gate” and move along the street. Гнатюка. Perhaps the most interesting location in the neighborhood is the “House of Scientists”, which is known as the “Noble Casino”. The presentable interior of the building cannot leave you indifferent. We also recommend a walk in the park. Ivan Franko, climb Mount St. George and visit the magnificent neo-baroque cathedral.

It is impossible to see the Austrian Lviv without visiting the Potocki Palace, near which, by the way, is the main department of the Lviv National Gallery of Arts named after Borys Voznytsky. A great idea to complete the walk with the imperial heritage and experience the classics today will be a visit to the Organ
hall, philharmonic or opera house.

Coffee shops
One of the associations that the city evokes is coffee. The culture of drinking is undoubtedly an important asset for Lviv and an integral ritual for its inhabitants. Unfortunately, coffee does not grow in our latitudes, but here they know how to prepare it and for centuries they know how to drink properly.

We recommend to feel not only an unforgettable smell, but also the same taste. To do this, choose an option from the following variation: drink a cup of coffee made on sand in the legendary “Armenian”, with sugar and lemon “On Bambetli”, with spices “Under the blue bottle” and even soldered coffee in the dungeon “Lviv Coffee” and in many others. By the way, do not forget to take advantage of discounts by purchasing Lviv City Card. On the second and third day, discover the third wave of cafes.

Craft beer
Another associative drink is, of course, beer. Recently, several local breweries and pubs have appeared in the city center, where you can taste